The harangue continues in accusation against the priests. The Levitical priesthood broke covenant – there may still be hope for the Aaronic priesthood. People should respect their priests, but these priests are despised by their children (who know them best). They stink of the dung of the bad sacrifices.
The argument is made by analogy with an individual whose infidelity to their original spouse leads to divorce. If Israel is God’s spouse, or if the priests have been unfaithful to their first vows of commitment to Yahweh, that infidelity, and that consequential divorce, offends God.
Is this moralistic opposition to any divorce, and reinforcement of a patriarchal misogyny? Read it again with me – and you might hear God’s anger about the amorality, and self-serving claim of moral uncertainty or ambiguity made by the priests facing the tragic moral choices between bad and worse, or good and better.
If that does also support greater personal morality and marital fidelity, that’s not all reducible to domestic violence by husbands controlling wives. It might include restraining appetites, which are fundamental human spiritual as well as carnal cravings, as Sarah Coakley has been cogently arguing in recent years.
1 And now, O priests, this command is for you.
2If you will not listen, if you will not lay it to heart to give glory to my name, says the LORD of hosts, then I will send the curse on you and I will curse your blessings; indeed I have already cursed them, because you do not lay it to heart.
3I will rebuke your offspring, and spread dung on your faces, the dung of your offerings, and I will put you out of my presence.
4 Know, then, that I have sent this command to you, so that my covenant with Levi may hold, says the LORD of hosts.
5My covenant with him was a covenant of life and well-being, which I gave him; this called for reverence, and he revered me and stood in awe of my name.
6True instruction was in his mouth, and no wrong was found on his lips. He walked with me in integrity and uprightness, and he turned many from iniquity.
7For the lips of a priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek instruction from his mouth, for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
8But you have turned aside from the way; you have caused many to stumble by your instruction; you have corrupted the covenant of Levi, says the LORD of hosts,
9and so I make you despised and abased before all the people, inasmuch as you have not kept my ways but have shown partiality in your instruction.
10 Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we faithless to one another, profaning the covenant of our ancestors?
11Judah has been faithless, and abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah has profaned the sanctuary of the LORD, which he loves, and has married the daughter of a foreign god.
12May the LORD cut off from the tents of Jacob anyone who does this— any to witness or answer, or to bring an offering to the LORD of hosts.
13 And this you do as well: You cover the LORD’s altar with tears, with weeping and groaning because he no longer regards the offering or accepts it with favour at your hand.
14You ask, ‘Why does he not?’ Because the LORD was a witness between you and the wife of your youth, to whom you have been faithless, though she is your companion and your wife by covenant.
15Did not one God make her? Both flesh and spirit are his. And what does the one God desire? Godly offspring. So look to yourselves, and do not let anyone be faithless to the wife of his youth.
16For I hate divorce, says the LORD, the God of Israel, and covering one’s garment with violence, says the LORD of hosts. So take heed to yourselves and do not be faithless.
17 You have wearied the LORD with your words. Yet you say, ‘How have we wearied him?’ By saying, ‘All who do evil are good in the sight of the LORD, and he delights in them.’ Or by asking, ‘Where is the God of justice?’